Friday, February 27, 2004


"With a twentieth of the world's population, the US produces a quarter of the worlds' greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions are up 14% from 1990 levels and are projected to rise by a further 12% over the next decade." - SchNEWS Issue 443

Now numbering more than six billion souls, the human population has doubled since 1950.

1/5 of the worlds population live in China.

The prison and the cost of holding each prisoner is £24 241.

Home office research shows that in a single year, migrants, including asylum seekers and refugees, contributed £2.5 billion more to the economy than they cost in taking up services.

Thursday, February 26, 2004

NS - The tyranny of targets

"Audit is an iron cage" - David Marquand

Targets stop you adapting as circumstances change, and they may force you to adapt your practices to the demmands of the audit process.

It is the nature of state employees that they play things by the book, referring decisions upwards, protecting their backs, sticking to establishment procedures. The penalties for unauthorised error are greater than the reqards of inspired sucess. Targets and central controls make public servants more risk-adverse, and less inclined towards...bold inovation.

Wednesday, February 25, 2004

The biggest threat to our future is not terrorism, but our own dependence on fossil fuels. In other words, "We have met the enemy, and he is us." - Unknown

Tuesday, February 24, 2004

The battle for the plannet - NS Essay - Mark Lynas

We are now in the early-to-middle stages of the sixth mass extinction to hit the plannet since complex life began 2.1 billion years ago. Species are disappearing at between 1000 and 10000 times the natural bakcground rate.

We are all deeply dependant on the "ecosystem services" provided free by the natural world. These include purification and retention of fresh water (and flood control); the formation and enrichment of soil; the detoxification and recirculation of waste; the pollination of crops; the production of lumber, fodder and biomass fuel; and the regulation of the atmosphere and climate.

The destruction of the natural world... is a consequence of...[our] evolutionary success.

The "contraction and convergence" proposal for tackling climate change knits both human equality and ecological survival into an elegant equation. Similary, we can protect biodiversity by stopping habitat destruction and countering the spread of alien species around the world, especially in highly biodivrse areas. And increasing women's control over their fertility is a straightforward way to reduce population growth.

Yet these proposals are so vast and all-consuming as to require a strong and durable consessus before they can be agreed or implemented. Biodiversity protection cannot be bolted on to existing growth-orientated economics. Contraction and convergence would require enormous resource transfers fro rich to poor countries, as teh developed world pays the developing nations not to follow in its own dirty footsteps.

The much-vaunted "clash of civilisations" is at best a distraction, at worst a racist fiction. Preventing the clash between human civilisation and nature is the battle we ought to be fighting.

Is this how to end public service failure - David Boyle

Put simply, "co-production" means that welfare programmes, policing and health need to be equal partnerships between professionals and clients.

End of the sex war - Jack O'Sullivan

"Both sides of the debate" says Coote, "have recognised that we have far more interests in common than in conflict."

Monday, February 23, 2004


Future generations have no vote.

Foriegn countries have no vote in decisions that will affect them.

The first-past-the-post system still used in local and Westminster elections encourages tactical voting.

Are there such things as human values?

Majority or Minority

Racial and religous majority and minority depends on where you draw the border. There are far more minorites in a world when it is divided into nations.

Would you kill someone for $3?

The number of people living on less than $1/day is roughly 1.8 billion; the number living on less than $2/day is on the order of 2.8 billion. More than 1 billion people worldwide lack access to adquate sanitation, and more than 800 million adults are illiterate.

Power and Politics

Powerful people want to hold on to their power.

"Power tends to corrupt" 1

"The task is therefore not to abolish polititiansand bring politics to an end, but rather to ensure that politics is conducted within a framework of checks and contraints that ensure that governmental power is not abused." 2

1. Lord Acton

2. Andrew Ayward, 2002. Politics.


How do you harness peoples selfishness?

Limbit speaking at Reading Town Hall 2004

In order to stop the shooting and bombing, you have to start the dialog.

If you make something illegal you cannot regulate it.

Politics is a means to an end. What is your end?

Information taken from the "End of Nature" - Bill Mckibben

We are no longer able to thing of ourselves as a species tossed about by larger forces. We are those larger forces...that is what I meant by the 'end of nature.

The most powerful ideology of all is consumerism.

Our oil dependence poses a security threat as well as the environmental one.

Imigrants are part of the solution, not the problem. If you don't like it there is plenty of space elsewhere on the planet.

When we have mastered science allowing us to create life, make planets and bring imortality what differentiates us from god?

"God is dead" - Nietzshe

God never lived.

We, all of us in the first world have participated i nsomething of a binge, a half centuary of unbelieveable prosperity and ease.

What do you do when the past (climate wise) is no longer a guide to the future?

Unless all act together there is little reason to act seperately. - World Watch

Some countries may percieve themselves as potential 'winners' in a climate change.

Even the countries that think they wouldn't mind warming of a degree or two can't endure endless heating.

If the change [climate] is slow enough you can study the problems, determine what the regional impacts will be, and learn how to adjust. - Stephen Schneider

Everything is one

Everything is part of the eco-system. Everything is one.

Science and Technology

We use science to fix one problem and unwittingly create another. We move the problem.

Earths Population

A reduction in the earths population solves alot of our environmental problems.

Is mother nature limiting the size of the human population through disease ie aids, and people choosing not to have children etc.
"The skies and we are weeping together" - Grimm's Fairy Tales

Can you be too politically correct and thus values neutral?


We tend to assume that the future will resemble the past.


We cut up the continua of space and time with which we are surrounded into segments, so that we are predesposed to think of the enironment as consisting of vast numbers of separate things belonging to named classes, and to think of the passage of time as consisting of sequences of separate events.
"Light makes potential colors into actual colors" - Aristotle


"All my fathers brothers are my fathers".

Large extended family reduces presure on individuals.

Is it better to live with your family or friends?

Mental Experiments

Count to 1000.

Listen to the pauses in a conversation. Draw the space around an object. Taste the absense of food.

Security and Liberty

Citizens exchange liberty for security.
In the absense of any information there are too equaly likely outcomes, either something is, or it isn't.
There is an infinity of numbers between 0 and 1.

Free choice

People should have free choice unless it impacts on someone elses free choice.

Not all physical action comes from conssious mental action ie. breathing.

"The dreams in which I'm dying are the best I've ever had" - Mad World

Virtual Reality

When VR becomes indistinguishable from life you will be able to do anything. Then, then only adventure left will be death.

Straw Dogs - John Gray

In Science, knowledge is an unmixed good. In ethics adn politics it is not.

The idea of progress is a secular version of the christian belief in providence.

The aim of life is not to channge the world, but to see it rightly.

Humans can be no more the masters of their destiny than any other animal.

Most people today think they belong to a species that can be master of its destiny. This is faith not science.

By submitting to the authority of science we can hope for similar freedom from thought (as religon).

Individual selfhood is an illusion.

According to humanist the earth had no value until humans came on the scene.

Did he jump, or was he pushed by events?

Freud believed that by bringing repressed merories into conscious awareness we can gain greater control of our lives.

The a collection of competing behaviours.

We think our actions express our decisions. But in nearly all of our life willing decides nothing ie/ dreams, memory, sleeping.

Sciences' supreme value may be in showing that the world humans are programmed to perceive is a chimera.

Mr Nobody (Rees) a man without qualitis, a person without a sense of 'self'.

We are programmed to percieve identity in ourselves, when in truth there is only change. We are hardwired for the illusion of self.

Self is a still from the film of life.

Humans use language to look back on their lives and call up a virtual self.

The idea that we can rid ourselves of animal is the greatest illusion of all.

Seeing that the self we take ourselves to be is a illusory does not mean seeing through it to something else. It is more like surrender to a dream. To see ourselves as figments is to awake, not to reality, but to a lucid dream, a false awakening that has no end.

Chuang-Tzu sees human life as a dream, but does not seek to awaken from it. He writes of dreaming he was a butterfly and then not knowing on awakening whether he is a human being who has dreamt of being a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming he is human.

Which untruths can we get rid of and which can we not do without?

Morality is a convienience to be relied upon in normal times.

Money corrupts everything that it touches.

Money and science is a bad combination, as money demmands return which rushes the science, often compromising safety.

GM foods may feed the poor, but there are better ways to help them.

Like beauty and intelligence, goodness is a gift of fortune.

When we are fully conscious, everything we do will be done for reasons we can know. At that point we will be the authors of our lives.

For Taoists...the freest human being is not one who acts on reasons he has choosen for himself, but one who never has to choose. Rather than agonising over alternatives he responds effortlessly to situations as tehy arise.

What was humankinds origonal Sin? Temptation?

How does the suffering of Christ re-deem it?

From what and to what could this infinite whirl be saved?

There is nothing from which to seek deliverance.

Who is the perfect saviour...It is the saviour who shall deliver mankind from salvation - Buddha

Grand inquisitor - Humanity is to weak for freedom, and will worship the provider of ordinary bread. Jesus's teaching amended and founded on miracle, mystery and authority. Men rejoiced as they were led like sheep. And rejoiced as they were freed from the suffering that freedom brought.

Drug use is a tacit admission of a forbidden truth. For most people happiness is beyond reach. Fulfilment is not found in everyday life, but in escaping from it. Since happiness is unavailable the mass of mankind seeks pleasure.

We are inclined to think of hunter gatherers as poor, because they don't have anything; perhaps better to think of them for that reason as free - Marshall Sahlins

Do you own your possessions, or do they own you?

The move from hunter gatherer to farmer didn't improve quality of life, but allowed more people to survive at a lower level.

The function of this new economey (entertainment) legal and illegal, is to entertain and distract a population which - though busier than ever before - secretly suspects that it is useless.

Religon was church, then politics andnow science.

Future wars will be fought over dwindling natural resources.

So long as the population grows, progress will consist in labouring to keep up with it.

How can we enforce zero population growth without the use of draconian powers (By giving people control of there ability to become pregnant through the use of contraceptives).

Action gives us consolation for our existence.

How can there be any play in a time when nothing has meaning unless it leads on to something else?

If you know what you are seeking you will find what you seek.

Recomended retail price for food to stop the spread of supermarkets.

Make renting cheaper than owner occupying to reduce commuting.
"Learn only in order to create" - Unknown

Thursday, February 19, 2004

See beauty where ever you look.


When I die, if I died of natural causes would I want your friends to "cry over spilt milk" and be upset by the fact that I had died?

I wouldn't want my friends to "cry over spilt milk". I would want them to be happy about my life and accept that death is a natural part of it. Also I wouldn't want them to dwell on my death, as, in the whole scheme of things, my life or death is avery small cog.

If I didn't die naturally I wouldn't want my friends to "cry over spilt milk". I would want them to channel their attention and emotions into ensuring that no-one else's life was wasted in the same way.

"If indeed our fear of Death and our desire for Immortality are as unquenchable as Brown rightly points out, then we shall never reconcile with Death, The Immortalist Manifesto argues. But instead humanity will track it down as "the last enemy" to be conquered. Only when Death is vanquished shall we be free from the bondage of Alienation, Repression, and Oppression." 1

1. A reader from Yale, New Haven, USA, June 12, 2002.

Wednesday, February 18, 2004

Work - TBC - Arguments need tidying up and clarifying

Practice or Policy?
You need practice before you can specify policy. The practice needs to be ongoing to keep up to date.

Saving the Environment or International Development
Environmentally countries need to be able to help themselves. As the saying goes, you can give a person a fish and they'll eat for a week, teach a person how to fish and they'll eat forever. For a country to help itself the people need to be mobilised. If the people are starving, diseased and have no access to clean water this cannot happen. People will quite rightly be obsessed with the day to day activies required to stay alive, rather than the long term future of their country and the world. Therefore, if you want a country's people to look after their own environment, starvation, disease, and water problems need to be resolved first. For these problems to be resolved assistence is required from developed country's governmental, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

Until all countries are able to look to the long term, and sustainably manage their own environments, again, it is necessary for developed countries to provide assistence, both through governmental organisations and, NGOs.

Most developed countries are democracies. A democracy represents the wishes of the majority of the people (the "popularity contest" nature of democracy brings into question its very essence, as no government is going to do the "right thing", if it means losing the next election! This forces politics to operate on a very short term basis, when it should be focused on the long term). As the majority of people are either consiously or unconciously selfish (no matter how trivial a problem is, if its your problem, it will always seem far more important than anyone elses), the governments of these developed democracies are forced to focus on national problems that directly effect people, rather than international problems whos effect is too far away to have any physical impact. The government cannot therefore be relied on to do the right thing with regards to other countries and the environemnt, so, we must look to NGOs as the main source of action.

Opt in or out
You can either get out of the rat race and lead a life of contemplation, or enter the rat race and lead a life of action.

Polititians are elected representatives

Do polititians believe that they can make a difference? Or, that through them, the people that they represent, can make a difference?

Tuesday, February 17, 2004

Schools, morals and values

Should schools teach any morals or values? If so the morals and values of which group of people?

By trying to please everyone you will please no-one.

Should we have schools for specific sets of morals (religons)?

Should the only values you teach be the ones that facilitate learning?

Monday, February 16, 2004

Predict and provide vs Managing demmand

Rather than taking a "predict and provide" approach to a theoretical future demand the governemnt should be managing demand.


"Flying is damaging and artificially cheap. The external costs - air and noise pollution, climate change, and so on - are dumped on to society." - Unknown

Sunday, February 15, 2004

Have you ever fantasized about killing someone?
Don't make the rate of taxation too high. If you set the rates too high, it will encourage tax evasion and discourage hard work and initiative.
"War is cruelty. There is no point trying to refine it. The crueller it is, the sooner it's over." - Unknown
"The damage done to the welfare of other animal species by human expansion is on an incomparably larger scale than anything that is done in scientific laboratories." - John Gray
Prefer collaboration to competativeness, and consensus-building to confrontation.

Nature or Nurture (and chance???)

"No-one applies the blank slate view to animals" - John Gray
Journos and pols face differnet challenges. We pretend to run the country but, in fact, the media have the real power. Indeed, they threaten to put us out of work by "taking over the functions of parliment. We used to reach the people, voice popular demmands, expressing public views, control the executive, and be the opposition. Now the media is all of these." - Austin Mitchell MP
"Man has no nature, he only has a history" - Unknown
Pre-emptive wars and pre-emptive detentions are the products of panic and fear, and these are the enemies of democracy. - Taken from NS leader Feb 2004

Friday, February 13, 2004

Reith Lectures 2004 blurb for lecture 5

When Osama bin Laden declares that the world is divided between believers and non-believers, it is easily to identify the menace of the fanatic mind but, in what other company can we place George Bush when we hear him declare that 'you are either with us or you are on the side of the terrorists'?


"Tired drivers are just as impaired as if they were well over the legal drink-drive alcohol limit". 1

"Alcohol misuse, which costs over £20bn a year". 2

Alcohol and drugs are a major factor in crime.

I don't drink because a connot see any reasons to drink and I can see lots of reasons not to drink.

1. Professor Jim Horne.
2. BBC News website, 15th March 2004, Police to get new alcohol powers,

Tuesday, February 10, 2004

Veganism - The Impossible Quest for Purity talen from

When you first discover the reality of modern animal agriculture, you might feel compelled to try to root out every single product associated with animal suffering. Unfortunately, personal purity is impossible. All around us are items connected in some way to animal exploitation: organic foods (animal manure used as fertilizer), cotton (animal products in the bleaching process), bicycles (animal fat used in the vulcanization of tires), books (hooves and bones in binding glue), roads and buildings (animal products used in curing concrete), water (tested with animal products, often filtered through bone char), etc. Even many vegan foods result in killing some animals during planting and harvesting.
" Burning bridges with anger" -

Pain and Suffering

Pain and Suffering and death are all natural parts of life.


"The founding fathers in the USA warned against elective dictatorship, or the tyranny of the majority over minorities." - Dr Fitz-Gibbon with regards to the french banning the musilm headscarf.

Monday, February 09, 2004

Abridged from NS essay - Responsibility - Richard Reeves

"There is no freedom without responsibility" - Michael Howard

Authentic efforts to seek work in exchange for assistence and benefits.

If people don't look after their own health, children or retirement, the state can do little except pick up a few of the pieces.

When do you become a nanny state?

People are perfectly capablel of making choices that they know are irresponsible.

"make the better chioce the easir choice" - R H Tawney

Individuals often dislike there own preferences, for example smoking.

The agument against is along the lines of "Who are Labour ministers to tell us what to consume or how to raise our kids?".

The muscular right-wing philosophy of individual responsibility fails because it assumes that everyone's a heroic rationalist, and the instinctive statism of the left fails because it assumes that everyone is a helpless pawn. The trick is to find a middle way...
"The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it" - Oscar Wilde

Friday, February 06, 2004


Does evil go into a person (nurture) or come out of a person (nature)?

Thursday, February 05, 2004

Famous Sayings/Wisdom

If something is worth doing its worth doing well.

No pain, no gain.

Never be embarressed???

No time like the present.

Don't be afraid to ask questions.

Do to others as you'd like them to do to you.

Waste not want not.

Stick and stones will break my bones, but names will never harm me.

Judge/measure people against their own values and beliefs.

Do to others as you'd expect them to do to you

Walk the middle road

When we discover that our never ending quest to posses things, and our continual craving for pleasure and security can never be satisfied. When we realize this our external quest turns inwards.

Respond, don't react.

It takes no more than a gentle nudge to push a man over the edge of a cliff, but it is almost impossible to haul him back before he hits the ground.

Wednesday, February 04, 2004

Emotion Management - Riding the wave - Taken from the yoga journal

The technique, called "riding the wave," employs five sequential steps: Breathe, Relax, Feel (focusing on the wave's sensations and investigating their qualities. What's their mood, color, texture, shape? Where do you feel them most intensely in your body?), Watch, Allow.
"Anger is lightning in a bottle, and the bottle is us" - yoga journal

Tuesday, February 03, 2004

Sometimes a race is a good day out - regardless of where you finished.

Freuds theory of Phychosexual development - taken from

future effects from the stages of psychosexual development

The events of psychosexual development will lead to fixations in later life. the different way each person goes through the stages may lead to personality traits. some of these are discussed below.

during the oral stage insufficient breast feeding or too much gratification can cause an oral receptive, oral aggressive or oral retentive trait. oral receptiveness leads to being very trusting and dependant. the oral aggressive trait however, leads to dominating behavour whereas oral retentive people may suck their pens or smoke.

the anal retentive trait, due to strict attitudes towards toilet training, is being obsessively clean, overly tidy, very orderly, controlled, punctual, stingy and possessive. anal expulsive people poorly organised and perhaps aggressive. this trait is due to lax attitudes towards toilet training during the anal stage of development.

problems in the phallic stage can lead to the phallic type which are self-assured, vain and impulsive. according to freud, conflicts can lead to homosexuality via rejection of the gender role.

unresolved issues in the genital stage may lead to inabilities to focus on responsibilities involving others i.e. self-obsessive behavour.


No one is illegal.

Monday, February 02, 2004

Professor David Pimentel of Cornell University's Ecology Department has calculated that it takes 500 litres of water to produce 1kg of potatoes, 900 litres per kg of wheat, 3,500 litres per kg of digestible chicken flesh and a massive 100,000 litres for 1kg of beef.

A more conservative estimate comes from Beckett and Oltjen of the University of California's Department of Animal Science. [12] In a study partly financed by the California Beef Council, they concluded that wheat production requires 120 litres per kg and beef 3,700 litres per kg.

The 3 most devastating potential problems facing humanity according to World Watch

Aquifer (a geologic formation that stores water beneath the earth's surface) depletion, HIV and shrinking cropland area per person, are the three most potentially devastating problems facing our species.

Why be a vegan - From the vegan society website

Meat and dairy production is an inefficient use of land, food and water, and with a rapidly increasing world population the fact remains that a plant-based diet is the most environmentally sustainable option available.

The vast majority of farmed animals spend their brief lives in cramped, distressing conditions.

The meat-intensive diets of the developed world contribute to global warming, deforestation, desertification and water pollution.

"Quite simply, we do not have enough land to feed everyone on an animal-based diet. So while 840 million people do not have enough food to live normal lives, we continue to waste two-thirds of agricultural land by obtaining only a small fraction of its potential calorific value.

Obviously access to food is an extremely complex issue and there are no easy answers. However, the fact remains that the world's population is increasing and viable agricultural land is diminishing. If we are to avoid future global food scarcity we must find sustainable ways of using our natural resource base. Industrial livestock production is unsustainable and unjustifiable. "

Sunday, February 01, 2004

Why Save the Environment?

"Wildlife should be preserved because it is wonderful." - George Monbiot

If we destory the environment then the planet won't be able to sustain human life. This seems selfish, and if humans could replicate what the eco-system does using technology then we could destroy it happily.

Without bio-diversity the planet will become a mono-culture. This would reduce its adaptablility and make it more suseptable to disease, natural disasters.


Courage is stupidity with a purpose.


With so much violence in the real world, why do we want to escape to the cinema for more violence?
Aboriginees didn't need to farm. They lived off the land.
Everything is one. The plants, the animals and the rocks.
If you remove selfish interests from group decision making, and make decisions purely on which benifits the most people then you should be able to make unanimous decisions.

Public or Private

Why do you need privacy? Other than to do something illegal, or that people won't approve of or something that you want to keep secret?

Are public companies slow to make decisions, complacent, unresponsive, expensive, when compared to private companies?

"At least when you have public utilities, the money they take in stays in the community. With the private companies, the profits are going to go out of your community...and probably out of your country too." 1

1. Peter Gleick
"Dried tears blown away on the dust" - Unknown

Abridged from The Age of Consent by George Monbiot

Our task is not to overthrow globalisation, but to capture it and use it as a vehical for humanities first global democratic revolution.

We will know when our approach is working, only when it is violently opposed.

Key proposals:
Democratically elected workld parliment.
Democratised UN general assembly.
International clearing union.
A fair trade association.

Do not reject these proposals until you have better ones with which to replace them.

If you believe the slogans are a substitute for policy, or that if we all love each other more, there'll be a transformation of conciousness...then I am wasting your time, and so are you.

By breaking the social bonds which sustained local comunities it destroys our geographical loyalties.

Through the issue of endless debt it has given the poor control of the worlds financial systems.

High wages don't satisfy greed, but fuel it.

How can you keep a free society safe without removing peoples freedoms.

Paradox of parliment is that the more the parlimentarians options are restrained (ie by preventing our representatives from taking money from any other sources) the more open our system remains.

Money corrupts, so get rid of money.

The world of friends, enemies and neutrals, which affects you with pleasure and apin, is only a creation of your mind which is a product of ignorance.

The greater the scale on which an organisation operates, the less responsive it tends to be to its customers.

A system based on rules, even the wrong rules is better than a system with no rules at all.

This manifesto is founded on the conviction that one can lead a satisfactory life without having to ruin other peoples.

[Protectionism] has been used to devestating effect in propelling a nation through its key phase of development.

Trade has the potential to be the mechansim for fairly distributing wealth between nations.

The immediate cause of famine is notdrought or crop failure, but lack of purchasing power.

WTO, one nation, one vote, however the topics for discussion are decided by the 'core' members whcih doesn't include the poor nations.

There is no single formula for economic development.

Capitalism is built upon the lending of money at interest. Capitalist economies are driven by the need to repay debt, and survival is dependant on endless growth.

Demurrage - negative interest.

We are not intelligent enough to know the consequences of what we do. We have eaten from the tree of knowlede and cannot go back. We must go forward. Harness technology and society.

Something must be done. I must act.

"My mind was not at rest, because nothing was acted, and... words and writings were all nothing, and must die, for action is the life of all, and if thou dost not act, thou dost nothing." - Gerad Winstanley

This shift depends... on your prepardness to abandom your attachment to the old world and start thinking like a citizen of the new: to exchange you security for liberty, you comfort for elation. It depends on your willingness to act.

The state, like a tree, is essentially immobile. While it can expand its access to resources by extending its roots into the soil on which other trees are growing, it must adopt to the circumstances in which it finds itself. The corporations, like omnivorous animals, are mobile. They move from tree to tree, taking shelter in the branches, preying upon both the trees which protect them and the other members of the ecosystem, seeking always the most easily obtained resources. The burden of predation has now become so great that most of the trees in the wood appear to be suffering from what foresters call die back.

Selfish Democracy?

Will people act for the good of future generations on the plant Selfless or selfish?

If people act selfishly the selfish majority will do well at everyone elses expense.

In a democracy, what if the majority is wrong?
Don't tell people what not to do, tell them what to do, the benefits of doing it and the effects of not doing it.

Racial Hatred

The framers of the UN Convention were right in their belief that, of all hatreds, racial hatred is the most dangerous, because changes of behaviour by its victims cannot bring about its abatement. "You are our enemy because of what you are, not because of what you do."


In the 17th century, men killed in the name of God. In the 20th century, they killed in the name of the people (democracy).

Killing Numbers

The main killing episodes of the 20th century are the Turkish slaughter of the Christian Armenians (one million) in 1915, Stalin's "liquidation of the kulaks as a class" in the 1930s (ten million), Hitler's murder of the Jews in 1941-44 (six million), Mao Zedong's "Great Leap Forward" of 1959-51 (30 million), Pol Pot's Cambodian "killing fields" in 1975-79 (two million) and the Rwandan genocide of 1994 (one million). These are estimates.


"If you believe in "rule by the people", you have first to select the people. And the most obvious principle of selection is the nation." - Unknown

Organic food should be for everyone

Organic food is generally more expensive than non-organic due to economies of scale. Rich people should buy organic to bring its price down.